Gastroesphageal reflux disease or GERD is considered as one of the most common predisposing factors for oesophagus cancer. Located behind the trachea, the oesophagus is a muscular and hollow tube that connects the stomach and the throat. The lumen of the oesophagus helps food to travel into the stomach. It is about 10 13 inches long. The oesophagus has many layers.
Cancer starting in the mucosa and growing into the submucosa and muscle layer is known as oesophageal cancer.
There are two main types of oesophagus cancer:
Surgical treatment will include oesophagectomy with or without preoperative administration of chemotherapy and radiotherapy as a treatment modality for cancer. Surgery entails removal of the entire oesophagus and replacing it with tubularised stomach. This can be done through minimally invasive methods (key-hole surgery) with minimal postoperative morbidity. The treatment of oesophagal cancer needs a multidisciplinary team, as treatment involves chemotherapy, radiotherapy etc.
We have extensive experience in managing oesophagal cancer patients and has performed many key-hole surgeries to remove oesophagal cancer.Authored by Dr. Deepak Varma, MBBS, MS (General Surgery)
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