A hernia can occur due to an inherent weakness of the abdominal wall muscles where the organs move out of its own cavity and protrude through the weakened area. A femoral hernia develops right below the inguinal ligament when contents of the abdomen slip through the femoral canal. Femoral hernias are relatively uncommon and more frequently affect adults. It mostly impacts women than men due to the slightly wider pelvis in females and a consequently larger femoral canal.
Reducible femoral hernia: when a femoral hernia reduces back or can be pushed back spontaneously
Irreducible femoral hernia: when a hernia is stuck in the femoral canal
Obstructed femoral hernia: intestinal obstruction due to intertwining of the intestines with a hernia; this can cause pain
Strangulated femoral hernia: blood supply to a part of the bowel is blocked causing strangulation; gangrene usually follows necrosis of the intestine; this is a life-threatening condition requiring emergency medical treatment
Femoral hernia is diagnosed by clinical examination
In case a doubt arises in diagnosis, an ultrasound scan of the groin is done
Femoral hernias causing any discomfort, mainly moderate to large lumps require surgical repair. Femoral hernia is more prone to complications, especially strangulation, because of the narrow neck of a hernia. The operation is performed under general anaesthesia and can be either open or laparoscopic surgery depending on surgical recommendations.
In a strangulated hernia, the bowel survives between 8 to 12 hours during which medical attention is crucial. We treat, operates and counsels patients about femoral hernias and their management.Authored by Dr. Deepak Varma, MBBS, MS (General Surgery)
Colon cancer happens when abnormal cells grow in the lining of the large intestine. Colon cancer affects the large intestine and is usually starts with polyps.Read More
A hernia forms when an internal organ bulges through the opening in the muscle or tissue. Abdomen areas are more prone to hernias.Read More
Does your obese look hurt you when you see yourselves in the mirror? Is it that bulky stomach that has been retaining youRead More