A hernia forms when an internal organ bulges through the opening in the muscle or tissue. Abdomen areas are more prone to hernias. Hernias may also appear in the upper thigh, belly button, and groin. In most cases, surgeries are recommended to prevent the complications.
The different types of hernia are:
This is the most common hernia and most probably found in women. This is due to the push of intestine into the abdomen through a tear in the lower abdominal wall.
In this case intestine pushes through the abdominal wall near belly button. It occurs in babies under six months old.
In hiatal hernia, the stomach bulges up into the chest through that opening. There are two types of hiatal hernia. They are sliding and paraesophageal hernia. This hernia is common to people whose age is more than 50.
Strain and weakness of the muscle trigger hernia bulges. The muscle weakness may be due to the aging or damage from injury or the failure of the abdominal wall to close properly in the womb.
Physical examination, barium x-ray or endoscopy, and ultrasound are the main techniques used for diagnosing hernias.
Hernia is a lifestyle disease, so that changes made in life pattern can reduce the chance of hernia. Dietary changes such as avoiding large meal is an effective measure to stay away from the disease. Giving up cigarettes is also good for preventing hernia.
Only if the pain of hernia is persistent the doctor will suggest for a surgery. Two types of surgeries are possible. Open surgery and laparoscopic. Open surgery needs a long recovery time but in case of laparoscopy, one can get back to normal life very soon.
Dr. Deepak Verma, one among the best Gastric Surgeon in Kerala, has performed several hernia surgeries in Kerala. Currently, he is working as Senior Consultant, Surgical Gastroenterology at Aster Medicity, based in Kochi.
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