Are you obese? Have you been taking medication to reduce cholesterol for a longer time? Do you often take birth control pills? If you feel you have been doing these all this while, you are very much likely to have gallstones on your list. Women in their forties are more affected. Upper abdominal pain which wakes you up in the night is the typical symptom.
If stones slip into the bile duct, it can cause severe pain, jaundice, and infection of the bile, which is a very serious condition. When gallbladder stones become symptomatic, the treatment is to remove the gallbladder. Dr. Deepak Varma, Gastro Surgeon at Aster Medcity is one of the most renowned Consultants in gastrointestinal surgery in Kerala. He is also a sought-after laparoscopic surgeon in Kochi. The world-class equipments of Aster Medcity in combination with the expertise of Dr. Deepak Varma bring world-class care for everyone who wants gallbladder removal in Kochi.
The main types of gallstones are:
i. Cholesterol Stones: They are the mostly found ones and are in yellow in colour.
ii. Pigment Stones: These stones are made up of bilirubin and are often smaller in size and darker in colour.
iii. Mixed Gallstones
ii. Infections of gallbladder
iii. People with diseases such as Cirrhosis and Sickle Cell Anemia
iv. Ageing and multiple pregnancies
i. Upper abdominal pain
iv. Heartburn and dyspepsia
At the initial stage; blood tests, ultrasound and CT scan are used to diagnose gallstones. Then further tests recommended by the doctor are carried out as indicated. They are:
i. Endoscopic Ultrasonography
This is a combination of ultrasound and endoscopy to examine the presence of bile duct stones.
ii. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
An endoscope is put inside the mouth and then into the small intestine, and a dye is injected to see the bile ducts. Common bile duct stones are removed through ERCP.
i. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy
This is the best treatment for symptomatic gall stones. The surgeon makes a few small incisions on the belly in order to pass equipments and lighted telescope. The inside of the abdomen is viewed by the surgeon so that he can do the surgery accordingly.
ii. Open Cholecystectomy
A bigger wound in the belly is made so that gallbladder can be removed.
Dr. Deepak Varma has been proving his mettle in gallbladder surgery and removal of gallbladder since the beginning of his career. He is well-known for the best gallbladder surgery in Kerala. Aster Medcity, he is associated with, is also an eminent hospital bringing comprehensive and world class treatment.
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